In the army act , there are various terms and procedures that govern the service of personnel. Two such terms are “Invalidated Out” and “Boarded Out,” which refer to the discharge or removal of soldiers from active duty. These terms fall under the purview of the Army Act, which outlines the rules and regulations for the Indian Army. Understanding the difference between Invalidated Out and Boarded Out is essential for both military personnel and civilians alike. This article aims to provide a comprehensive explanation of these terms and shed light on their implications within the Army Act.

Army Act

Write the Difference Between Invalidated Out and Boarded Out as per the Army Act

Invalidated Out and Boarded Out are two distinct processes that result in the removal of a soldier from active duty. While both terms signify the end of military service, they differ in the circumstances and consequences surrounding them.

Invalidated Out

Invalidated Out refers to the discharge of a soldier from service due to physical or mental health conditions that render them incapable of fulfilling their military obligations. It is a compassionate measure aimed at ensuring the well-being and proper medical care of the affected personnel. When a soldier is Invalidated Out, they are officially recognized as medically unfit for further service.

Medical Evaluation Process

The process of Invalidated Out involves a comprehensive medical evaluation conducted by qualified military medical professionals. This evaluation assesses the soldier’s physical and mental health status to determine if they meet the medical standards set by the Army Act. The evaluation may include medical examinations, tests, and consultations with specialists.

Grounds for Invalidated Out

A soldier may be Invalidated Out based on various grounds, including:

  1. Physical Disability: If a soldier suffers a severe physical injury or disability that significantly impairs their ability to perform military duties, they may be Invalidated Out.
  2. Mental Health Condition: Soldiers diagnosed with severe mental health conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or debilitating depression, may be Invalidated Out.
  3. Chronic Illness: If a soldier develops a chronic illness that prevents them from carrying out their military responsibilities effectively, they may be Invalidated Out.

Boarded Out

Boarded Out, on the other hand, refers to the administrative removal of a soldier from active service due to disciplinary or performance-related issues. Unlike Invalidated Out, Boarded Out is not linked to the soldier’s physical or mental health but rather their conduct, behavior, or professional capabilities. It is a punitive measure taken to maintain discipline and uphold the standards of the Army.

Disciplinary Proceedings

Before a soldier is Boarded Out, the Army conducts a thorough investigation into the alleged misconduct or underperformance. This investigation may involve interviews, evidence collection, and a fair opportunity for the soldier to present their defense. The soldier is entitled to due process and legal representation during the proceedings.

Grounds for Boarded Out

Soldiers may be Boarded Out for various reasons, including:

  1. Serious Misconduct: Soldiers involved in grave offenses, such as insubordination, theft, or assault, may face Boarded Out proceedings.
  2. Repeated Poor Performance: If a soldier consistently fails to meet the required standards of their role or displays inadequate professional competence, they may be Boarded Out.
  3. Breach of Ethical Conduct: Soldiers found guilty of breaching ethical standards, such as engaging in corruption or unauthorized disclosure of classified information, may be Boarded Out.


Q: Can a soldier appeal against Invalidated Out or Boarded Out?

A: Yes, soldiers have the right to appeal against Invalidated Out or Boarded Out decisions. The appeals process involves a review by a higher authority, and the soldier is given an opportunity to present additional evidence or arguments in their defense.

Q: Does Invalidated Out or Boarded Out affect a soldier’s benefits?

A: Yes, both Invalidated Out and Boarded Out can have implications for a soldier’s benefits. Invalidated Out may entitle the soldier to medical benefits, disability compensation, or rehabilitation support. In contrast, Boarded Out may result in the loss of certain benefits, such as pension or gratuity, depending on the circumstances and severity of the offense.

Q: Are there any alternatives to Invalidated Out or Boarded Out?

A: In certain cases, when the soldier’s condition or offense is deemed less severe, alternative measures may be considered. These can include temporary or permanent reassignment to non-combat roles, counseling, or rehabilitation programs, depending on the individual circumstances.

Q: Does the Army Act provide any provisions for rejoining the military after Invalidated Out or Boarded Out?

A: The Army Act does have provisions that allow soldiers to rejoin the military after Invalidated Out or Boarded Out, provided certain conditions are met. The decision is subject to a review of the soldier’s health status or conduct and the availability of suitable vacancies within the organization.

Q: How long does the Invalidated Out or Boarded Out process usually take?

A: The duration of the Invalidated Out or Boarded Out process can vary depending on the complexity of the case, the availability of medical or disciplinary resources, and other factors. It may range from a few weeks to several months, depending on the circumstances involved.

Q: Do Invalidated Out or Boarded Out impact a soldier’s future employment prospects?

A: Invalidated Out or Boarded Out may have implications for a soldier’s future employment prospects, both within and outside the military. Civilian employers and educational institutions may consider the soldier’s discharge status when evaluating their application. However, each case is assessed on an individual basis, and there may be opportunities for reintegration and career advancement based on the soldier’s skills and qualifications.


Understanding the difference between Invalidated Out and Boarded Out is crucial for military personnel and those interested in the workings of the Indian Army. While Invalidated Out involves the compassionate discharge of soldiers due to medical reasons, Boarded Out is a disciplinary measure that addresses conduct or performance-related issues. Both processes have distinct procedures and consequences under the Army Act. It is essential to ensure fairness, adherence to legal processes, and consideration of the individual circumstances when implementing these measures. By comprehending these terms, individuals can gain a better understanding of the rights and obligations of soldiers within the Indian Army.

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